Archive for July, 2011

The Declaration of Sentiments

Wednesday, July 20th, 2011

“We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness…”

This sounds quite familiar, and yet, something in that sentence is not quite “right”.

Just one word. One word is enough to makes this quote not the famous quote from the Declaration of Independence, but a different one. That extra word is the word “women”.

On 20 May 1848, a group of women - and men- approved a Declaration at a convention convened at Seneca Falls, New York on 19 and 20 May 1848 to discuss the rights of women.

Over 300 women and men met and debated the text of a Declaration, which is known as the Declaration of Sentiments.

Two women were the driving force behind this declaration, Elizabeth Cady Stanton who drafted the text and Lucrecia Mott. The two had met eight years earlier, at the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London.

Lucrecia Mott had traveled to England with her husband, a Quaker minister, and a staunch abolitionist. They had been chosen to serve as delegates to the Convention because of their abolitionist activities. Such activities included refusing to use the product of slave labour, cotton and cane sugar in particular, as did other Hicksite Quakers. But the Motts also traveled to advocate for abolition, and they sheltered runaway slaves.

At the London convention, no seats were made available to women delegates. It is then that Lucrecia met Elizabeth, who was attending with her husband Henry. Both decided the time had come for a convention to discuss the rights of women.

Born in a wealthy New York family, Elizabeth had managed to convince her father that she needed to go to college, where she studied philosophy and logic.

It is thanks to that education that she was able to draft the Declaration of Sentiments. But it took eight years before the convention could be held.

And it took over eighty years for the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution - granting the right to vote to women - to be proposed in 1919, and ratified on 18 August 1920.